Knee pain is a very common symptom that can affect patients of all ages. The intensity and duration of the pain can vary. Most knee injuries are directly related to sports.
The diagnosis is often quick, but some cases may be more laborious due to the complexity of the structures involved, and it is necessary to use imaging tests, such as X-rays and MRI to assess the type of problem that is affecting the knee.
What can cause the knee pain?
Knee pain can involve different conditions. Some of them may include:
Strain or sprains;
Tendinitis and bursitis;
Cartilage, meniscus or ligament tear;
Rheumatic diseases: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, arthrosis, lupus and gout;
As more traumatic the injury more commonly affects ligaments and meniscus, whereas non-traumatic lesions affect the entire joint. The characteristic of pain is related to the structure being compromised: discomfort when walking, inability to bend the knee, swelling, deformity and severe pain.
The physiotherapist can use some techniques as treatment such as knee mobilisation, massage, taping, stretches or strengthening exercises after post knee reconstruction or knee replacement for rehabilitation.