Wrist pain is a frequent disorder and can have many different causes. The wrist attaches the palm of the hand to the forearm and allows finger movements during daily tasks, such as holding objects, writing on the computer, painting pictures, etc.
The wrist is composed of small, short bones known as the metacarpal. These small bones are arranged in two rows.
The ligaments join the two rows of small bones that form the wrist joint. An injury to these bones, ligaments or cartilage causes pain in the wrist.
Pain in the wrist (external side) and not the thumb
The pain in the excruciating and severe left wrist leaves the hand unusable. The pain on the outside of the wrist and thumb can be caused by several reasons:
Causes The pain in the wrist can be acute or chronic. The acute illness can be caused by wrist injury, while chronic pain is a symptom of other diseases. The following list describes the main causes:
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Eight bones form the joint of the wrist with the radius and ulna (forearm bone). Beyond the bone there is a complex network of nerves and ligaments. The wrist bones create the carpal tunnel through which the median nerve passes. If this nerve is compressed it causes pain that part of the wrist and radiates to the fingers: thumb, forefinger and middle finger. The person suffers from burning , numbness or a tingling sensation in the palm of the hand, thumb, fingers and wrist. The muscles of the fingers become weak and it is difficult to grasp objects. If the carpal tunnel is not healed, the pain may radiate to the elbow . A compression of the median nerve causes pain and swelling in the thumb.
Nerve compression is caused by repetitive wrist movements. Writing, painting and painting are activities that most often cause carpal tunnel syndrome .
For left-handed people, sports like tennis, handball and basketball are activities that cause this problem in the left wrist.
Some of the more common causes of this condition are shown in the following list:
Perform repetitive tasks
Typing on the keyboard for many hours a day
Play squash, handball, tennis, basketball
Tingling worsens at night, patients often wake up at 4 in the morning because of the discomfort. Other diseases that can cause carpal tunnel syndrome are listed below:
De Quervain Syndrome
This syndrome is characterized by an inflammation of the tendons of the thumb or tenosynovitis.
This occurs when you repeat a wrist movement several times over a short period of time. When the tissues are inflamed, all movements of the joint irritate the tendons.
This irritation causes pain in the tendons and causes difficulty in moving the hand. Excessive use of muscles can cause tendonitis. Women over 50 years of age are more likely to develop De Quervain tendinitis.
Many golfers and guitarists develop De Quervain syndrome . Golfers overload the wrist because of the movement of the arms; Instead, the guitarists move the fingers of the left hand to pull the guitar strings.
What to do? The treatment of Quervain's syndrome The doctor does several tests to determine the cause of the pain. There are some exercises for treating the disease. These exercises reduce thumb pain in the wrist; After recovery, you can continue to do the exercises to avoid relapses.
Pain in the wrist on the palmar side
Tendonitis of the flexors of the fingers Tendonitis of the hand flexors occurs in people who perform repetitive tasks, for example, sellers, sportsmen and musicians (piano, drums, etc.). The pain occurs when the tendons lengthen, to the touch and when making efforts. Treatment involves physical therapy, rest and the doctor may prescribe anti- inflammatories such as ketoprofen (Profenid), ibuprofen (Alivium) or diclofenac (Voltaren).
Wrist pain on the dorsal side
Causes and Symptoms
Tendon cyst on the back of the wrist or on the palm side A wrist cyst is formed in a joint capsule or a subcutaneous tendon. The cyst appears as a lump of skin on the back of the hand or wrist. Doctors do not know the causes of this disease, but cysts appear in very active people. The cyst is identified with ease.
Pain in the wrist on the side of the little finger
Myocardial infarction can cause pain in the chest and arm to the wrist and left hand . Neuralgia of the ulnar nerve is a disease characterized by compression of this nerve at the level of the elbow, can cause pain and tingling along the forearm to the fingers.
Dupuytren's disease Dupuytren's disease causes a thickening of the skin of the palm and fingers. The patient sees nodules on the palm and fingers. This condition can also affect the little finger and the ring finger. Men are more predisposed to developing this disease compared to women.
Constant pain in the wrist and swelling
Trauma The wrist joint can suffer trauma and injury. When a person falls, he instinctively extends his arms forward to avoid injury to the body. Fracture of the wrist can occur because of trauma . If the bone is broken, the individual can not move the wrist, the fingers and the joint there may be an unnatural position. Abnormal twisting of the joint may cause ligament distension and nerve elongation. Ice can reduce pain temporarily but does not reduce inflammation. A bandage allows you to protect the wrist and prevent violent movements.
Other causes Swelling and pain in the wrist joint are the main symptoms of arthrosis. The articular cartilage wears out over time and causes the symptoms. Arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the two forms of arthritis that affect the wrist. Gout is a disease in which a large amount of uric acid is deposited in the joints of the wrist and causes arthritis.
Injuries A wrist or thumb injury causes pain. The signs of injury are as follows:
Pain in the joints
In case of fracture , the most frequent sign is the movement restriction due to the strong pain around the fracture area. A violent rotation can cause a similar pain.
In this condition, a person suddenly suffers from stiffness , swelling and pain in the thumb. There are different types of arthritis that can cause various symptoms. Osteoarthritis is related to age, it can still be caused by excessive use of the wrist. If both hands are affected, it can also be caused by rheumatoid arthritis.
Symptoms that occur with wrist pain
In case of sprain, the major signs include pain and swelling. With the movement of the arm, the pain becomes much more intense. The symptoms of bone fracture are as follows:
Difficulties in movements
When pain is caused by arthritis, patients feel a dull ache. In the case of tendonitis, the pain is strong and inflammation of the tendons causes swelling in the wrist.
The signs of carpal tunnel syndrome are in the following list:
Sensitivity change to the fingers.
The pain in the wrist feels:
1. Using the mouse, 2. During exercise (eg, push-ups) 3. When you practice some sports like boxing or bodybuilding, 4. The exercises in the gym, especially those with the bar (for example on flat bench), 5. During lactation, when the pregnant woman supports the child 6. Speeding up the bike 7. When folding or tightening the handle, 8. When writing, 9. When the patient gets up from the bed and leans his hand over the mattress.
What to do? Exercises for the wrist
Wrist exercises help relieve pain.
In case of fracture Wrist fracture is often caused by a fall or trauma. The main signs are as follows:
Inability to carry weights
Severe joint pain
There are two types of arthritis of the wrist, the first is called arthrosis, while the second is rheumatoid arthritis. Arthrosis occurs when a joint is used too much. Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by inflammatory diseases that inflam the bones and joints.
Listed below are some of the symptoms of arthritis of the wrist: